The literal translation of the Japanese word hikikomori (ひ ひ き こ も り) would be a retreat into itself, closing in on itself. This word is used today to describe a social phenomenon that implies a difficult social retreat, most often in adolescents and young adults. Hikikomori is almost completely withdrawn from social life (does not communicate with any or very few people), is isolated in the room, most often in the home of his parents, and completely dependent on other persons (mostly parents). They mostly leave their room just because they go to the toilet. Their life is reduced to activities such as watching television, reading, surfing the internet or playing video games.
According to the Japanese Ministry of Health, Hikikomori is a person who avoids any participation in society, avoids school and compulsory education, avoids employment, and socializing with other people outside the home; or generally speaking, stay in the home for longer than 6 months, with constant care of your family.
Scientists who have been investigating this phenomenon claim that its root lies in the cultural pressure that governs (primarily) in Japan, or there is a great pressure on young people to adhere to society and social norms.
It is estimated that in Japan there are 696,000 people living in this way. Although the phenomenon of hikikomori is mainly related to Japan, other cases have been reported, such as the USA, Morocco, Oman, Spain, Italy, South Korea and France.