Although humanity has made a great advantage through thousands of years of evolution (sorry creationists), it looks like the next 100 years will bring even bigger advantage.
Transhumanism is an intellectual movement that aims to overcome fundamental human limitations (such as aging) and enhance psychophysical and intellectual abilities using technology. Besides that, transhumanism also studies the ethical matters involved in developing and using such technologies and its potential harms. Transhumanists believe that human beings could eventually transform themselves into different beings with abilities so greatly expanded from the current condition as to merit the label of posthuman beings. The biologist Julian Huxley is generally regarded as the founder of transhumanism (although the expression “transhumanism” was first used by Canadian philosopher Lighthall), as he used the term for the title of his article in which he wrote that in the future, humanity should be able to overcome its current limitations and frustrations.
Trends promoted by transhumanism include enhancing human physical abilities- developing lenses that can function as camera (make photos and record videos); headphones that can translate foreign language at the very moment of listening to it; arm and leg prosthetics that will be connected with a person’s brain, which would make them no different from the real ones. The biggest expectations though are from biological and genetics researches in order to completely “delete” and prevent any kind of congenital disease or deformity.
Besides physical improvements, intellectual and psychological advancement in humans is also expected. We are all familiar with the fact our mind and its capabilities are limited- we can’t remember the whole book after one reading and we certainly can’t understand completely every book we read; but with our brain being directly connected to a computer, these things will become a past. Companies such as Neuralink and Facebook are already working on this.
Virtual reality could be used for increasing empathy in people, by “walking in someone else’s shoes”- practically, it would enable us to live someone else’s life, which could help in making an objective perception of other people’s lives and help us being more empathic to others.
With deeper studying of human behavior, the way we work will be changed. Although a few companies already have this type of working politics, most companies are leaning towards making work into something like a video game; basically, reaching a certain goal at work will bring a “player” to the next level. It has been shown that this actually makes people more productive, as the feeling of being awarded motivates people to work harder.
Every day, new possibilities of becoming a better human or perhaps better specie are found. Still, there is a question- what about those who won’t be able to afford these new technologies, as people with any kind of enhanced abilities will definitely be in an advantage when getting a job and in probably every other social aspect. But maybe it’s better to leave ethics to transhumanists, they’ll probably know what to do.