It is believed that even Neanderthals used colored pigments on their face, some 50,000 years ago, which would mean that they began to use “make-up” before they started using their clothes.
Beauty has always been very important because it has been linked to a better woman’s health and therefore the more beautiful woman looked as potentially more fertile and superior to the survival of the species. Women instinctively emphasize what makes them more feminine, such as lips, which are naturally darker and red (especially during ovulation) than in men, as well as the eyes, because the part of the eye is naturally somewhat darker in women than in women men. Skin appearance has also always been of great importance since the estrogen hormone in women is responsible for the smoothness and softness of the skin. The evolutionary skin was more uniform in color and the tones were more appealing, as she pointed to a young woman; the skin of the old gets more and more irregularities, from stubble to wrinkle.
(Although the identical face on both sides, based on the color of the lips and the darker part of the eye, the person on the left looks more feminine and looks more like a woman)
Because of all this, cosmetics has been used since ancient times. The first documented records of its use originate from ancient Egypt, where rose skin, castor oil, as well as fats made from beeswax and olive oil (ingredients that are still well represented in modern cosmetics) are used for skin care. However, poisonous ingredients, such as lead and face-painted copper compounds, are often used for make-up.
Throughout history, skincare and makeup used the ingredients that were then available (some of which are poisonous), such as animal fat (pork, sheep fat), and animal blood is often used as nail dye.
In the 1920s, with the development of the entertainment industry, the interest in make-up and cosmetics is growing, and mass production begins (among the first cosmetic companies Max Factor and Elizabeth Arden). In the same years, plastic surgery is beginning to run, with the aim of exclusive beautification.
Today’s cosmetics are much more complex, which is by ingredients, which is made by technology. The ingredients used today, in addition to achieving a specific skin effect, also play a role in maintaining the stability and appearance of the preparation during its use; The feeling they give on skin or hair is also very important (whether, for example, cream is severely smeared or slippery on the skin, the scent that leaves …). Active ingredients that need to achieve the desired effect are diverse. Among them, many well-known coenzyme Q10, various herbal extracts and herbal oils, hyaluronic acid, vitamins, but also enzymes, bacterial cultures (probiotics) and so on are known to many. As some of the substances themselves pass through to the parts of the skin where they need to act, and special carriers (something like very small capsules) nano-sized order that carry them to deeper layers of skin and release them. The visual appearance of the product is of great importance today, so its packaging is carefully designed.
Some of the interesting packaging. The images are for informational purposes only, they do not advertise the product:
Some cosmetic products are being thoroughly examined in the lab and on volunteers (animal testing is forbidden) to ensure their safety and efficacy, similar to medicines, but are often much more expensive.