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Energy from Ethiopian Volcanoes

 

Ethiopia is the volcanic most active country on Earth. Tectonic plates shoot at the rate at which our nails grow in our hands, enabling magma to continually strike up to the surface, so there are now more than 60 active volcanoes known in Ethiopia.

Many volcanoes have in the past had underground eruptions that have created huge craters, of which some are still active today, and mud and paw bubbles emerge from them. The steam is used by local people for washing laundry and shower. In order not to spend all the money on showering and laundry, Western scientists began to open up thermal power plants. In other words, the vapor that exits the surface is lower in temperature, so it is suitable for showering, but beneath the surface there is a precious steam with temperature between 300-400 ° C.

 

 

Steam drives turbines, and produces electricity (LINK <- a little more on this link) in a country where over 77% of the population has no access to electricity.

It is estimated that one volcano can ¨make¨ electricity equivalent to that produced by 500 windmills or several million solar panels.

 

 

This method of obtaining electricity from steam from the volcanoes has been used for 20 years in south of the city of Addis Ababa, more precisely at the location of the volcano Aluto.

 

 

Satellite imagery explores the areas where steam is coming out, and modern technologies calculate the cost-effectiveness and risk of some major eruption in the area where potentially a thermal power plant could be constructed.

It is true that utilization of such energy would be maximised in other parts of the world. This way, over 77% of Ethiopians are still saving money on wafers and bulbs.

 

 

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